Do you have a plumbing repair kit in your home to make emergency repairs quickly? Having everything you need in one bucket or box can help you eliminate some of the stress that comes with plumbing emergencies. On this blog, you will find out what you should have in your kit and some basic tips about making these repairs to avoid further damage to your home. It is my hope that you will find more than enough information to keep your home dry, your drains draining, and a peace of mind and lack of stress to tackle these dreaded household occurrences.
If you want to add a sink to your garage or an outdoor shower for use after taking a dip in your pool, then you can think about installing the new water pipes yourself and attaching them to one of your main water lines or one of the pipes that already run outside. If you decide to do the job yourself, then you will need to make sure that you complete the job correctly, or you risk an imminent leak and a possibly costly repair. Keep reading to learn about some tips that will help you in your endeavor.
Consider Pipe Depth Carefully
When you place a water pipe outside your home, then you need to make sure that it is deep enough so that it does not freeze when the weather turns cold. This means securing the pipe below the freeze line. The freeze line is the depth at which the water in the ground will freeze, and this measurement can vary drastically depending on where you live. You can speak with a plumbing professional in your area about the depth of the freeze line, or you can look at a frost depth map.
However, if this map informs you that the frost line is only five inches or less under the earth, you will still want to bury the pipe deep enough so that a shovel, tiller, or other tool will not easily reach the water pipe. An eight to twelve inch depth will usually work well. You also should consider setting the pipe five inches or more below deeper freeze lines so the bottom edge of the frost does not break or crack the pipe.
Use The Right Digging Tool
Once you have considered the pipe depth, then think about the type of tool you will need to dig your trench to set the pipe in place. If the length of pipe only needs to be set one or two feet in the ground, or if the trench is short in length, then you can use a trenching shovel. This shovel features a long and thin scoop and a pointed tip. If a hand trenching tool just will not cut it due to the length or depth of the trench, then consider a gas powered, walk-behind trencher. These devices feature long and thin blades on the front that create a long trench in the ground.
However, keep in mind that some of the soil will likely fall back into the trench as you work. This means you should rent a trencher that will create a hole deeper than what you need. For example, a device that creates an 18 inch trench is ideal if you need a 12 inch deep hole, and a tool that digs to 24 inches is a good choice if you need an 18 or 20 inch opening.
Think About CPVC Pipes
Many people will opt for the use of PVC pipes when securing outdoor water lines, since copper piping is so much more expensive. PVC will likely remain strong as long as you have considered the frost line in your area. However, if you are concerned about rocky soil or sandy earth rubbing against the pipe on a daily basis, then you may want something just a bit stronger than PVC.
In many cases, CPVC is a great alternative. CPVC pipes are very similar to PVC varieties, but the CPVC pipes have been forced to go through a different chemical reaction during the manufacturing process. Specifically, the piping is exposed to more chlorine. The added chlorine content within the piping material allows it to handle stress from higher temperatures. The chlorination process also increases the general strength of the CPVC, so It is less likely than PVC to crack or break. The material is also more flexible, and this makes it possible to bend the piping if your trench contains bends and angles. CPVC is fire resistant too, which is useful if you live in an area that is exposed to wildfires.
For more information, you may want to contact a local plumbing repair and installation company.